12/14/12 - NNHS Newsletter
Sixth Day of Hanukkah
“Blessed are You, Hashem our G-d,
(Traditional Hanukkah blessing)
Dear Friends and Schoolmates,
Today is the sixth full day of Hanukkah. I hope you're having a wonderful time!
BONUS #1 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ziocxPBxkjg - Ma'oz Tzur - Jerry Weil
BONUS #2 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PIpECDV_cZE - Ma'oz Tzur - Cantor Marie Betcher
BONUS #3 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=avDrpNt9FjQ - Ma'oz Tzur - Alex Bershadsky
|"Ma'oz Tzur" or 'Māʕōz Sˤūr'(Hebrew:
מעוז צור), is a
Jewish liturgical poem or
It is written in
Hebrew, and is sung on the holiday of
Hanukkah, after lighting the festival lights. The name is a
reference to the
Hasmonean stronghold of
This Hebrew song is thought to have been written sometime in the 13th
century. It was originally sung only in the home, but has been used in
synagogue since the nineteenth century or earlier. Of its six
stanzas sometimes only the first stanza is sung (or the first and
"Ma'oz Tzur" is thought to have been written in the 13th century, during the Crusades. The first letters of the first five stanzas form an acrostic of the composer's name, Mordechai (the five Hebrew letters מרדכי). He may have been the Mordecai ben Isaac ha-Levi who wrote the Sabbath table-hymn "Mah Yafit", or even the scholar referred to in the Tosafoth to Talmud (Bavli) Niddah 36a. Or, to judge from the appeal in the closing verse, he may have been the Mordecai whose father-in-law was martyred at Mayence (now Mainz, Germany) in 1096.
The hymn retells Jewish history in poetic form and celebrates deliverance from four ancient enemies, Pharaoh, Nebuchadnezzar, Haman and Antiochus[disambiguation needed]. Like much medieval Jewish liturgical poetry, it is full of allusions to Biblical literature and rabbinic interpretation. Thus, "malchut eglah" denotes Egypt (Jeremiah 46:2); "noges" is Nebuchadnezzar; "y’mini" is Mordechai (Esther 2:5); "y’vanim"" is Antiochus; "shoshanim" is the Jewish people (Shir HaShirim 2:2); "b’nei vinah" are the rabbinic sages; and "shir" refers to the Hallel psalms.
A second acrostic is found in the first letters of the opening words of the final stanza, the acrostic contains the word hazak (meaning "be strong").
The poem recalls the many times when Jewish communities were saved from the people around them. The second stanza tells of the exodus from Egypt. The third stanza tells of the end of the Babylonian captivity. The fourth retells the miracle of the holiday of Purim. Only the fifth tells of the Hasmonean victory that is commemorated by Hanukkah.
The first and last stanzas are written in the present tense. The first expresses hope for the rebuilding of the Temple and for the defeat of enemies, who are metaphorically referred to as barking (menabe'ah). The final stanza once again calls for divine retribution against the enemies of the Jewish people. The term "Admon", meaning "the red one", was understood by some to refer to the emperor, Friedrich Barbarossa, whose name means Frederick "Redbeard" but this reading is inaccurate, since the last stanza is generally believed to have been composed around the turn of the 16th century, some three hundred years after Frederick I died or together with the other five verses. Therefore it refers to Christianity in general, which in traditional Jewish sources is viewed as being born of Rome, which is called "Edom" (the root of the word "Admon") because the original nation of Rome is considered to consist of the descendants of Esau, who were known as Edom. This stanza was dropped from many printings of the poem, perhaps from fear of a Christian reaction against it, as well as in countries under communist rule, for reasons more than obvious.
The bright and stirring tune now so generally associated with "Ma'oz tzur" serves as the "representative theme" in musical references to the feast (compare Addir Hu, Aḳdamut, Hallel). It is sung almost universally by Jews on this festival (although there are many other traditional melodies ). It has come to be regarded as the only Hannukah melody, four other Hebrew hymns for the occasion being also sung to it ). It was originally sung for "Shene Zetim" ("Olives Twain"), the "Me'orah," or piyyut, preceding the Shema of shaharith of the (first) Shabat of Hanukah. Curiously enough, "Shene Zetim" alone is now sometimes sung to a melody which two centuries ago was associated with "Ma'oz tzur". The latter is a Jewish-sounding air in the minor mode, and is found in Benedetto Marcello's "Estro Poetico Armonico," or "Parafrasi Sopra li Salmi" (Venice, 1724), quoted as a melody of the German Jews, and utilized by Marcello as the theme for his "Psalm XV." This air has been transcribed by Cantor Birnbaum of Königsberg in the "Israelitische Wochenschrift" (1878, No. 51)
The most popular melody for the Hanukkah hymn has been identified by Birnbaum as an adaptation from the old German folk-song "So weiss ich eins, dass mich erfreut, das pluemlein auff preiter heyde," given in Böhme's "Altdeutsches Liederbuch" (No. 635); it was widely spread among German Jews as early as 1450. By an interesting coincidence, this folk-melody was also the first utilized by Luther for his German chorales. He set it to his "Nun freut euch lieben Christen gmein". It is the tune for a translation by F. E. Cox of the hymn "Sei lob und ehr dem höchsten gut," by J. J. Schütz (1640–1730). As such it is called "Erk" (after the German hymnologist), and, with harmonies by Bach, appears as No. 283 of "Hymns, Ancient and Modern" (London, 1875). The earliest transcription of the Jewish form of the tune is by Isaac Nathan, who set it (clumsily) to the poem "On Jordan's Banks" in Byron's "Hebrew Melodies" (London, 1815). Later transcriptions have been numerous, and the air finds a place in every collection of Jewish melodies. It was modified to the form now favoured by British Jews by Julian Lazarus Mombach, to whom is due the modulation to the dominant in the repetition of the first strain...
THIS WEEK'S BIRTHDAYS:
Happy Birthday today to Elizabeth Mitchell Hedgepeth ('57) AND Kathie Avant Taylor ('64) of GA!
Happy Birthday tomorrow to Jewell Hamner Crowe ('57) AND Buster Vest ('63) of VA!
Happy Birthday this week to:
16 - Betty Brockwell McClure ('58) of VA;
17 - Tom Oxner ('65) of AR;
18 - James Strickland ('57);
19 - Durwood Adams ('57)!
Many Happy Returns, One and All!
THIS DAY IN WWII:
December 14, 1939 - Winter War: The Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations for invading Finland.
December 14, 1941 -
Japan signed a
treaty of alliance with
December 14, 1945 - Josef Kramer, known as "the beast of Belsen," and 10 others were executed in Hamelin for the crimes they committed at the Belsen and Auschwitz Nazi concentration camps.
December 14, 1999 - U.S. and German negotiators agreed to establish a $5.2 billion fund for Nazi-era slave and forced laborers.
THIS DAY IN1962:
|Friday, December 14, 1962 - NASA's Mariner 2 became the first spacecraft to fly by Venus.|
From Frances Goodson Wang ('65) of MD - 12/13/12 - "Dirait-on. Morten Lauridsen - YouTube":
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gWXVZlrLa6E&w=480&h=270 - Chanson des Roses - Chamber Choir of Europe
|OOOH! How lovely! Thank you so much, Frances!|
From Me ('65) of NC - 12/13/12 - "The Geezer Test":
|I personally cannot recall #9...|
From Me ('65) of NC - 12/12/12:
This is one of my grandmother's recipes.
Sudie's Brown Sugar
egg, well beaten
1 cup packed brown sugar
1 tsp. vanilla
1/2 cup unsifted all-purpose flour
1/4 tsp. baking soda
1/4 tsp. salt
1-1/2 cup medium fine chopped walnuts
Stir together beaten egg, brown sugar, and vanilla. Stir in flour, soda, and salt. Add walnuts. Drop by teaspoonfuls onto greased and floured cookie sheet. Bake at 350 degrees for 7 - 9 minutes, or just until cookies start to brown at the edge. Do not overbake. Remove immediately to cooling rack. Make about 4 dozen.
- Ursula Tuck Buckley, Richmond, VA
From Joan Lauterbach Krause ('60) of VA -
11/14/12 - "More Remarkable beings (and a little break...) (#27 in a Series of
From Bill Hobbs ('66) of Northern VA AND From Wayne Stokes ('65) of VA - 12/04/12 - "Live Like Someone Left the Gate Open (#10 in a Series of 23)":
A Jew was walking on
Regent Street in London and stopped in to a posh gourmet food shop. An
impressive salesperson in morning coat with tails approached him and
politely asked, "May I help you, Sir?"
Thursday, January 3, 2013 - The NNHS Class of 1955 holds
Lunch Bunch gatherings on the first Thursday of every month
at Steve & John's Steak House on Jefferson Avenue just above
Denbigh Boulevard in Newport News at 11:00 AM. The luncheon
is not limited to just the Class of '55; if you have friends
in that year, go visit with them.
3. Wednesday, February 13, 2012 - The NNHS Class of June 1942 meets at noon on the second Wednesday of every other month for a Dutch treat lunch at the James River Country Club, 1500 Country Club Road. PLEASE JOIN THEM. Give or take a few years makes no difference. Good conversation, food and atmosphere. For details, call Jennings Bryan at 803-7701 for reservations.
http://www.nnhs65.com/requests-prayers.html - updated 11/09/12
http://nnhs.wordpress.com/ - updated 03/13/11
NNHS CLASS OF '65 WEB SITE:
PERSONAL WEB SITE: http://www.angelfire.com/weird2/cluckmeat
Please find a few minutes of your busy
schedule to support
Thank you so much!
Carol Buckley Harty
7020 Lure Court
Fayetteville, NC 28311-9309
2.Go to www.PayPal.com, log in, select "Send Money (Services) to email@example.com; or
3. Just mail it directly to my home. Thanks!
lekha naeh leshabeah,
tikon bet tefilati
vesham todah nezebeah.
Leet tahkin matbeah,
az egmor beshir mizmor
az egmor beshir mizmor
Rock of Ages
let our song
Praise Thy saving power;
Thou amidst the raging foes
Wast our sheltt'ring tower.
Furious they assailed us,
But Thine arm availed us,
And Thy word broke their sword
When our own strength failed us.
And Thy word broke their sword
When our own strength failed us.
“Maoz Tsur” midi courtesy of
http://www.jr.co.il/music/midi/jewish.htm - 12/24/05
"Maoz Tsur" lyrics (and available sheet music) transcribed from http://www.leedscarroll.com/Misc/ChanukahMusic.html - 12/29/05
(My deepest apologies if I mutilated the transcription.)
Image of Jerusalem's Temple Institute's Solid Gold Menorah courtesy of http://www.templeinstitute.org/vessels_gallery_11.htm - 12/29/05
Hanukkah Image (©2006 Adam Rhine) used to form Divider Lines courtesy of http://www.hebrewart.com/images.htm - 12/29/05
Menorah clip art used to form Divider Lines courtesy of http://www.wisegorilla.com/images/jewish/ - 12/29/05
Animated Tiny Birthday Cake clip art courtesy of Sarah Puckett Kressaty ('65) of VA - 08/31/05
Thanks, Sarah Sugah!
Coast Guard Seal clip art courtesy of http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/SealsEmblems/USCG.htm - 10/03/07
Navy Seal clip art courtesy of http://www.onemileup.com/miniSeals.asp - 05/29/06
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